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On page Parameters you have to put in or to modify parameters resulting from approximation functions in dependence on specific speed nq or flow rate Q.
See Approximation functions.
For details of how to handle the parameter edit fields please see Edit fields with empirical functions.
Parameter and efficiency values can be handled manually or can be switched to automatic update by the checkbox on top of the page. Then the default values are used always, even after design point modifications (see Global setup). 
If the automatic mode is not selected the current default values can be specified by one of the following options:
globally by the button on top of the page 

regionally by the default button within the Parameters or Efficiency region 

individually by the default button within the input field when selected 
The panel Parameters allows defining alternative values in each case for the calculation of the following impeller main dimensions: •suction diameter dS •impeller diameter d2 •impeller width b2 
For d2calculation
Work coefficient Ψ (= pressure and head coefficient) 
▪dimensionless expression for the specific enthalpy Δhis=Y and Δh=Yeff resp. ▪high → small d2, flat characteristic curve 
Flow coefficient φ 
▪dimensionless flow rate 0.01 narrow centrifugal impeller, untwisted blades 0.15 mixedflow impeller, twisted blades 
Specific diameter δ 
▪according to Cordier diagram (see Dimensions) 
Machine Mach number Mau 
▪dimensionless peripheral speed of impeller related to total inlet speed of sound 
Peripheral speed u2 
▪Limiting values due to strength as a function of the material 
For b2calculation
Outlet width ratio b2/d2 
▪0.01...0.15 (with nq rising) 
Meridional flow coefficient φm 
▪dimensionless flow rate 0.10...0.50 (with nq rising) 
Abs. outlet flow angle α2 
▪16°...30° 
For dLEcalculation (optional)
Diameter ratio dLE/d2 
dLE/d2=0.3...0.8 
Relative deceleration w2/wLE 
w2/wLE>0.7 or f(b2/d2) 
For bLEcalculation (optional)
Meridional deceleration cm2/cmLE 
cm2/cmLE = 0.8...1.25 
for dScalculation
Meridional deceleration cmLE/cm1 or cm2/cm1 
cmLE/cm1 = 0.9...1.1 
Relative inlet flow angle β1 

Relative inlet Mach number MwS 

Diameter ratio dS/d2 
dS/d2 = 0.65...0.8 
In panel Efficiency you have to specify several efficiencies. You have to distinguish between design relevant efficiencies and efficiencies used for information only:
Design relevant
•totaltotal efficiency ηtt
•volumetric efficiency ηv
•additional totaltotal efficiency ηtt+ (displayed for information only, see Global setup)
Information only
•mechanical efficiency ηm
•motor efficiency ηmot
The additional totaltotal efficiency ηtt+ is used for impeller dimensioning in order to compensate additional flow losses.
The losses resulting in energy dissipation from the fluid form the internal efficiency.
Impeller and mechanical efficiency form the overall efficiency (coupling efficiency) of the stage ηSt.
When considering motor losses additionally the overall efficiency of the stage incl. motor ηSt* is defined.
PQ: output power, see above PD: mechanical power demand (coupling/ driving power) 

Pel: electrical power demand of motor 
The following summary illustrates the single efficiencies and their classification:
classification 
efficiencies 
Relevant for impeller design 

stage 

ηC 
additional casing 
yes: for energy transmission 
ηtt 
totaltotal 

impeller 
ηV 
volumetric 
yes: for flow rate 


ηm 
mechanical 
no: for overall information only 

stage incl. motor 
electrical 
ηmot 
motor 
The obtainable overall efficiency correlates to specific speed and to the size and the type of the impeller as well as to special design features like bypass installations and auxiliary aggregates. Efficiencies calculated by approximation functions are representing the theoretical reachable values and they should be corrected by the user if more information about the impeller or the whole machine are available.
The impeller efficiency ηtt describes the energy losses caused by friction and vorticity. Friction losses mainly originate from shear stresses in boundary layers. Vorticity losses are caused by turbulence and on the other hand by changes of flow cross section and flow direction which may lead to secondary flow, flow separation, wake behind blades etc.. The impeller efficiency is the ratio between the actual specific energy Y and the energy transmitted by the impeller blades without any losses:
The volumetric efficiency is a quantity for the deviation of effective flow rate Q from total flow rate inside the impeller which also includes the circulating flow within the casing:
(rising with impeller size)
The mechanical efficiency mainly includes the friction losses in bearings and seals:
(rising with impeller size)
Impeller efficiency and volumetric efficiency are most important for the impeller dimensioning because of their influence to and/or . The mechanical efficiency is affecting only the required driving power of the machine.
If the check box "Use η for main dimensions" is set, then main dimension calculation is done on the basis of Δh= 0.5(Δhis/η+Δhis). Otherwise Δhis  the isentropic specific enthalpy  is used.
In the right panel of the tab sheet Parameter you can find again some calculated values for information:
Required driving power 

Power loss 

Internal efficiency 

Stage efficiency 

Stage efficiency incl. motor 

Totaltostatic efficiency 
(perfect gas model) 
Polytropic efficiency 
(n .. polytropic exponent κ .. isentropic exponent) 