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On page Dimensions, panel Shaft/ hub, the required shaft diameter is computed and the hub diameter is determined by the user.

¢ Shaft/Hub


The main dimensions of a designed impeller - suction diameter dS, impeller diameter d2, outlet width b2 - can be seen on Main dimensions panel. They can be recomputed by pressing the Calculate-button. The computation is based on "Euler's Equation of Turbomachinery", on the continuity equation and the relations for the velocity triangles as well as on the parameters and parameter ratios given in the tab sheets Setup and Parameters.

Individual main dimensions can be calculated separately using the button inside the value field.

You may accept the proposed values or you can modify them slightly, e.g. to meet a certain normalized diameter.

In case the checkbox Automatic is activated a new calculation will accomplished after any change of parameter. Then the manual alteration of the main dimensions is not possible.

Due to the Euler equation the impeller diameter d2 and the blade angles βB2 are coupled (see Outlet triangle). Lower d2 values result in higher βB2 (higher blade loading) and vice versa. For that reason the resulting average βB2 value is displayed for information right beside the calculated/ specified d2 value.

You can select a value for the diameters dS from standard specifications. For that purpose you have to press the settings button right beside the input field.

The small dialog gives you the possibility to select a diameter from several standard specifications. If material, standard name and pressure range are selected the lower panel shows all diameters of the chosen standard. One diameter is highlighted as a proposal. Nominal diameter, outside diameter and wall thickness for the marked entry is displayed. Using of and buttons additional standard specifications and user defined diameters can be added or existing parameters can be removed from the list.

At File location the name of the file containing the diameters is shown. The file is originally called Diameter.cftdi and is located in the installation directory of CFturbo. Modifications of the list will be saved if the user is leaving the dialog window by clicking the OK-button. In case there are no write permissions the user can choose another directory to save the file. Renaming of files is possible by Save as- functionality. By clicking the Open-button a previously saved file can be opened.


Neighboring components

In specific cases the dimensions of the neighboring components at inlet and/ or outlet can be used to get exactly matching geometry.

This feature is available only for explicitly uncoupled components or side-by-side impellers.


In the right panel of any tab sheet an information panel is situated, which holds the computed variables in accordance to the actual state of design, the resulting Meridional section as well as the Cordier-Diagramm with the location of the best point. These three sections can be chosen by the appropriate soft buttons in the heading.

In the Value section the following variables are displayed for information which result from calculated or determined main dimensions:

Work coefficient

Flow coefficient

Meridional flow coefficient

Specific diameter

Inlet velocity

Inlet velocity (net)

Outlet velocity

Outlet velocity (net)

Outlet width ratio

Meridional deceleration

Estimated axial force


NPSHR estimation

Lobanoff/ Ross

see diagram below this table


with loss coefficients
λc = 1.1 … 1.35, λw = (0.03) 0.1 … 0.3



with suction specific speed nSS = 160…280


with cavitation number σ = 1.22 ∙10-3 ∙nq4/3


with suction number Sq = (0.2) 0.4…0.6 (2.0)


NPSHR prediction
according to
Lobanoff/ Ross


The Meridional preview is until now based on the main dimensions only.


The Cordier diagram can be used for checking the impeller diameter d2.

See Cordier.

The Velocity triangles are the result of a mid-span calculation and are based on the design point and the main dimensions.

Possible warnings


Possible solutions

Use of dS/d2 requires dH=0.

This applies for fans only. If the suction diameter dS is calculated by diameter ratio dS/d2, then the hub has to be planar, i.e. hub diameter dH = 0. Otherwise the empirical correlations are invalid.

Select a different parameter for the calculation of the suction diameter dS (see Parameters).