Dimensions

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Dimensions

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In the panel Shaft, the required shaft diameter is computed.

¢ Shaft/ Hub

The main dimensions of a rotor - suction diameter dS, hub diameter dH, rotor diameter d1 and inlet width b1 - can be seen on the tab sheet Dimensions. They can be recomputed by pressing the Calculate-button within the panel Main dimensions. The computation is based on "Euler's Equation of Turbomachinery", on the continuity equation and the relations for the velocity triangles as well as on the parameters and parameter ratios given in the tab sheets Setup and Parameters.

Individual main dimensions can be calculated separately using the button inside the value field.

One may accept the proposed values or can modify them slightly, e.g. to meet a certain normalized diameter.

In case the checkbox Automatic is activated a new calculation will accomplished after any change of parameter. Then the manual alteration of the main dimensions is not possible.

 

Neighboring components

In specific cases the dimensions of the neighboring components at inlet and/ or outlet can be used to get exactly matching geometry.

This feature is available only for explicitly uncoupled components or side-by-side impellers.

Information

In the right panel of any tab sheet an information panel is situated, which holds the computed variables in accordance to the actual state of design, the resulting Meridional section as well as the Cordier-Diagramm with the location of the best point. These three sections can be chosen by the appropriate soft buttons in the heading.

In the information section of the tab sheet Dimensions the following variables are displayed for Information:

Work coefficient


Flow coefficient


Meridional flow coefficient


Specific diameter


Specific speed nq
(different unit definitions: see Preferences)

points to machine type and general shape of rotor

Inlet pressure, density and temperature

p1, T1, ρ1, pt1, Tt1, ρt1

static and total values

Inlet velocities

c1, cu1, cm1, w1

 

Peripheral speed at inlet


Machine Mach Number


Blade width at inlet


Outlet pressure, density and temperature

p2, T2, ρ2, pt2, Tt2, ρt2

static and total values

Outlet velocities

c2, cu2, cm2, w2


Peripheral speed at outlet


Outlet Mach Number


Mean diameter at outlet


Width at outlet


Ratio Width-diameter at inlet

b1/d1

guideline: 0.05..0.15

Diameter ratio

d2/d2min with:

guideline: 1.005..1.05

Ratio radius-width at outlet

guideline: 1.005..1.05

Isentropic velocity ratio


The guidelines given in the last column of the last three rows, should be matched within the design.

It might be that for the chosen configuration of global setup and main dimensions a reasonable thermodynamic state cannot be calculated. This may be the case if e.g. the mass flow is too high for the chosen cross sections. Then a warning is generated.

 

The Meridional preview is based on the main dimensions designed until this point.

 

The Cordier diagram can be used for checking the impeller diameter d2.

See Cordier.

The Velocity triangles are the result of a mid-span calculation and are based on the design point and the main dimensions.

Possible warnings

Problem

Possible solutions

Thermodynamic state cannot be calculated at inlet/outlet. Possible reason: choked flow. Consider change of main dimensions or global setup.

The dimensions might be too tight for the specified mass flow and inlet conditions. In other words the mass flow is higher than the choked mass flow rate for the particular inlet condition and the respective cross section.

Increase the dimensions (width, diameters etc.) or change the Global setup (e.g. decrease mass flow, increase pressure, decrease temperature).

β1 differs by more than 25° from the flow imposed by the upstream component.

β1 differs by more than 25° from β1mean.

β1 differs by more than 25° from the flow imposed by the degree of reaction.

The dimensions and the design point yield an estimated average relative inlet flow angle β1 that differs by more than 25° from the relative inlet flow angle imposed by the either of

swirl of the upstream component

β1mean

degree of reaction R

see Setup.

Change the dimensions (width, diameters etc.) or change the Global setup (e.g. mass flow, pressure ratio) or change inlet swirl in the Setup by either of parameters given on the left hand side.